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China's IC industry accelerates talent development
Source: Sanfang Xinli Microelectronics Release time: 2016-10-31
At the moment when the import volume of IC products surpassed that of oil and ranked first in the mainland's imports, the focus of the global IC market has quietly shifted to China, and the acceleration of the acceleration of the Chinese IC industry has also intensified.
The framework of China's IC industry chain represented by Ziguang has basically taken shape. On the wafer manufacturing side, there are 9 12-inch wafer fabs under construction in China (including SMIC's new 12-inch integrated circuit production line in Shanghai, which has just completed the groundbreaking ceremony on October 13). The subsequent expansion factors of some of the manufacturers, as of 2020, the new wafer capacity is approaching 750,000 wafers / month (12 inches equivalent).
It is foreseeable that as new factories are put into production in 2017-2018, about 30,000 high-end professionals in IC manufacturing related professionals will be required by then. If the impact on upstream and downstream talent needs is considered, the demand for new talents in the IC industry will break through in 2018 100,000 people, such a huge number of talent gap, the current progress of the mainland IC industry talent training will be a difficult challenge.
In July 2015, China ’s Ministry of Education, the Development and Reform Commission, and the Ministry of Science and Technology jointly issued the “Notice on Supporting the Construction of a Demonstration Microelectronics College”. There are a total of 26 colleges and universities in the plan. The government hopes that this will meet the national IC industry development as soon as possible. Urgent demand for high-end talent.
However, if you look back, you will find that between 2003 and 2009, the list of institutions approved by the mainland government for the "Construction of National Integrated Circuit Talent Training Bases in Higher Education Institutions" and the list of universities in this exemplary microelectronics college basically overlap. Although the shortage of IC talents has been a global problem over the years, we take a step back assuming that the mainland's IC talents have reached the basic supply and demand balance before 2016, then the 26 new model microelectronic colleges will be able to balance the original supply and demand by 2018 How many IC talents will be trained on the basis of
Taking a step back, even if the graduates of the 26 microelectronics colleges were all used to fill vacancies (this is the ideal state), it would still be difficult to fill the gap. According to statistics, the number of graduates of the 26 exemplary microelectronic colleges each year is less than 10,000, and preliminary statistics are about 7,500 (PhD: 750, Master: 3450, Bachelor: 3300).
Drawing on outside experience and combining domestic status quo, the key points of mainland IC talent training need attention:
Speed up progress and increase quantity
At present, under the background of the shortage of IC industry talents, the number of IC talents exported by the 26 microelectronics colleges built by the state is far from meeting the talent gap that will be faced.
It is recommended to accelerate the expansion of the number of IC industry talent cultivation bases and microelectronics colleges, especially those institutions that have the potential to cultivate IC professionals, and encourage these institutions to open new courses or even establish professional departments. At the same time, balance the talent training quotas of the four major settlements of the IC industry (Beijing-Tianjin-Bohai Sea, Yangtze River Delta, Midwest, and Pearl River Delta), and focus on supporting universities with scarce resources, such as Jinjiang, Xiamen, and Shenzhen.
Enhance the professionalism of professionals
Professional counterparts have been a hot topic for many years. Different industries have different requirements for professional counterparts. The IC industry is a representative of cutting-edge technology. The professionalism of talents directly affects the industry status of enterprises.
Taking IC manufacturing as an example, under the influence of a shortage of professional talents, many companies have to lower their standards and recruit talents from similar majors. In this way, new talents need to be re-learned after entering the factory because of the differences in their majors. As a result, the efficiency of internal training of the company has also been greatly reduced, and the fault phenomenon of professional talents has become prominent.
In addition, at present, a considerable number of working engineers and technicians at the manufacturing end lack the knowledge of the processes outside the station, especially the lack of systemicity in the theoretical knowledge reserve. In response to this, the employees have a “recycling” demand. The government And companies need to work closely to create more conditions for professional training of in-service personnel.
Promote the cultivation of cutting-edge core talents
Cutting-edge core talents are particularly critical to the overall efficiency of the enterprise. At the IC manufacturing side, professional doctoral talents can be regarded as cutting-edge core talents.
Comparing the personnel structure of TSMC and SMIC, TSMC's Ph.D. and master's talent ratios are more than double that of SMIC, respectively, especially the doctoral personnel ratio is basically three times that of SMIC. In reality, most talents choose employment after graduating from the master's degree. Very few people can continue to study for a PhD. People are more willing to believe that even if they choose to enter the enterprise after graduation, the treatment may not be as good as the years after the master's employment Work experience is more real.
Therefore, in order to promote the cultivation of cutting-edge core talents, enterprises, universities, and governments need to work together to find ways to allow some potential high-end talents to move towards cutting-edge core talents and take reassurance.
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